This is text from Origins Canada re Bill 39, New Brunswick Adoption Records
CURRENT NEW BRUNSWICK STATUS ON OPEN RECORDS
NEW BRUNSWICK HAS PROPOSED LEGISLATION TO OPEN ADOPTION RECORDS IN APRIL 2018.
BILL 39 RECEIVED ROYAL ASSENT ON MAY 5, 2018 IN THE NEW BRUNSWICK LEGISLATURE
Until April 2018 when adoption records open, adopted persons do not have the right to access their original birth certificates, nor can natural parents obtain the adopted names of the child they lost to adoption.
1. Post Adoption Disclosure
Non-identifying information is available to natural parents, adoptees, and other natural family members. New Brunswick also maintains a passive registry and staff will also conduct active searches on behalf of adult adoptees and natural parents. There is no charge for this service however, searches can take up to two years or more.
Post Adoption Disclosure Services
Sartain MacDonald Building
Floor: 4, P. O. Box 6000
Fredericton, NB E3B 5H1
Phone: (506) 453-2001
Also try Parent Finders New Brunswick:
President: Marie Crouse
1496 Route 103, Unit 2
Wakefield, NB E7M 3W8
2. Obtain your Hospital Records
Mothers can call the Medical Records department of the hospital in which the birth took place to obtain your hospital chart with respect to prenatal care, labour and delivery, post natal care, hospital stay, etc. Mothers should also apply for their child’s hospital record. (Hint: Do not use the word “adopted” if possible, and if asked why records are required the answer is “for my personal record”.)
3. Maternity Home Records
Mothers who resided in Maternity Homes may apply to the organization which ran the home for any records which may have survived:
For Salvation Army Homes contact:
Salvation Army Archives
26 Howden Road, Scarborough, Ontario
M1R 3E4 Telephone: 416-285-4344
4. Cross Border Adoption/Baby Trafficking to the United States
Many children from the Maritimes were trafficked to the USA for adoption…here is some information re US Immigration http://www.us-
See Karen Balcom’s book “The Traffic in Babies: Cross Border Adoption and Baby-Selling between the United States and Canada 1930-1972. http://www.amazon.
President, ParentFinders NB Chapter
Member COARnb (Coalition for Open Adoption Records in NB)
Public comment invited on proposal to open sealed adoption records
This is another link to an article by April Cunningham of the TELEGRAPH-JOURNAL February 2014
This is a link to an article by April Cunningham of the TELEGRAPH-JOURNAL February 2014
Research, DNA testing lead woman to biological mother.
Mother, daughter reunited after more than 40 years, thanks to interest from newspaper readers.
Times & Transcript
March 17, 2004
By: Jorge Barriera – Times & Transcript Staff
FREDERICTON – After searching for 24 years, Nicole Doiron found her biological mother after reading the newspaper.
A series of stories published in the Times & Transcript about a Nova Scotia woman who found her biological mother after being mislead by faulty adoption records, led Doiron to her biological mother.
“It’s really weird the way it all unfolded,” said Doiron, 43, who is married and lives in Acadieville. Doiron and her newfound biological mother, Nancy Kelly, 61 had their blood relation confirmed in DNA tests results handed back last Friday.
Kelly was in hospital yesterday, but her daughter, Pam Chevarie, 33 said her mother was ecstatic after finding her long-lost daughter who, at one point, was believed dead.
“She feels that part of her life has found closure,” said Chevarie.
The rest of the Kelly family has had mixed emotions since they discovered their long-lost relative. “It is not only about finding a sister,” said Chevarie. “There is a lot more that comes with it.”
Originally, Kelly believed Debbie Young, 43, who lives in Wilmot, N.S. was the daughter that she gave up for adoption in 1960. Young was led to Kelly as a result of a mix-up in her adoption papers. Not believing Kelly to be her mother, Young kept searching and found Ida Chevarie, 62, who lives in Saint-Charles through ParentFinders New Brunswick.
The pair recently underwent DNA tests that proved their relation. Dorion and Kelly were both adopted from a Richibucto foster home in 1960. They were born a month apart. Kelly in Moncton and Doiron in Saint John.
In February, Doiron received a call from a friend who had read young’s story in the Times & Transcript. The story said a clerical mistake identified Young as Barbara Ann Kelly who was born July 26, 1960. Young was actually born Baby Daigle on August 18, 1960.
Doiron always knew her real birth date and name and they were what Young found on her adoption papers. When she went to a friend’s house to see the article, she couldn’t read it for the tears.
“I started to cry and I couldn’t read it anymore,” said Doiron. “I couldn’t believe it.”
A phone call to other friends led her to Kelly who lives in Richibucto.
Gov’t dept. refuses to pay woman’s cost for DNA test.
Minister says gov’t not responsible for adoption mix-up that took place prior to 1967.
Times & Transcript
February 11, 2004
FREDERICTON – The Department of Family & Community Services refuses to pay the cost of DNA test for an adopted woman who had her birth papers switch on adoption and the person she believes to be her mother.
Debbie Young, 43, now lives in Wilmot, N.S. believes Ida Chevarie, 62, from Saint-Charles, to be her mother. The two women had their DNA taken for a test last week at a clinic in Bouctouche and will know the results in three weeks.
In a letter to Young, Family & Community Services Minister, Tony Huntjens said the provincial government had nothing to do with the original adoption mix-up and as a result will not pay for the DNA tests even if they prove a match. Huntjens said the government took over adoptions from various organizations in 1967 and was not responsible for any prior adoptions. The Children’s Aid Society in Kent County handled Young’s adoption.
“As they were the the only records surrounding your adoption, the department’s Post Adoption Services acted in good faith when they reunited you in 1995 with a woman we believed to be your mother,: said Huntjens in the letter.
Young was adopted as a baby from a Richibucto foster home in 1960. when Young went looking for her biological mother, she was given the wrong information by the department.
The department is responsible because they are the ones who handed over the mistaken birth documents, said Young and Chevarie.
“When I called them back in 1996 to say they made a mistake, they should have looked into it,” said Young.
“They lost my baby in the system,” said Chevarie. “I wouldn’t have found her if she hadn’t looked for me.”
Young found Chevarie through ParentFinders New Brunswick.
Because he is the MLA for Kent, Liberal leader Shawn Graham has been pushing the issue on Chevarie’s behalf. Graham said he wants to wait until after the DNA test results before putting pressure on the department.
“The government cannot abdicate responsibility,: said Graham. “If the tests prove there was an error, then there is a responsibility on government to cover DNA testing.:
Robert Duguay, spokesman for the department, said it is not within the department’s mandate to pay for DNA tests.
There is no program to finance any DNA tests, said Duguay.
Young and Chevarie paid $287 each for the tests.
“Young was born in Moncton on August 18, 1960 and named Baby Daigle. She was one of two baby girls in the foster home at the time of her adoption. The other baby was born Barbara Ann Kelly on July 26, 1960 in Saint John. Young ended up with Kelly’s birthday and name on her adoption records as a result of a clerical mix-up.
DNA should confirm N.B. baby “switch”.
Clerical error in 1960’s led adopted women to wrong biological mother
Times & Transcript January 16, 2004
Jorge Barrera Times & Transcript Staff
FREDERICTON – Next month, the results from a DNA test may make right a 40-year old clerical mistake that led a woman adopted as a baby to the wrong biological mother.
Seven years after meeting the wrong mother, Debbie Young, 43 hopes the tests will confirm a truth she already feels in her bones.
Young, who lives in Wilmot, N. S. and a Saint-Charles woman young hopes will turn out to be her biological mother, are planning to travel to Moncton for the DNA tests February 3.
I haven’t met her yet, said Debbie Young, 43. We talk on the phone almost every day. It’s awesome. It’s like talking to my mother.
Young said the similarities are striking in their appearance from photos they’ve exchanged and they both have given birth boys with curly dark hairs.
It’s just weird, everything is coming together, said Young.
Marie Crouse, president of Parent Finders New Brunswick who specializes in connection adopted children with their birth parents, was the one who brought the two together by matching their files. Both had registered with her organization to find each other.
Young was adopted in 1960 by Arthur and Helen Eyles, who lived outside Chatham at the time. The provincial department responsible for adoptions sent the Eyles adoption papers with the wrong name and wrong birth date.
Years later, Young went looking for her birth mother with the erroneous papers. Through the government’s post-adoption program, she was told her birth mother was a woman from Richibucto. When they met, Young immediately doubted she was her real mother. When Young told her adoptive mother about the encounter, her mother remembered the decades-old clerical error.
When I told Mom, she told me I had the wrong information, said Young.
In September 1960, the Eyles family received a call from a provincial social worker information them they had two baby girls in a foster home up for adoption. The Eyles traveled to the Richibucto foster home where they saw the baby girls. The bigger of the two girls was born Barbara Ann Kelly in Saint John on July 26, 1960. The other, smaller baby was named Baby Daigle and she was born in Moncton on August 18, 1960. The Eyles decided to adopt the smaller girl and took her home.
A year-and-a-half later, the family received the wrong adoption papers and called the social worker to rectify the identities. The worker told them they would have to switch babies, said Young. The family refused and Young’s birthday changed to July 26 and her original name changed to Barbara Ann Kelly.
This past December, armed with her original name and birth date. Young contacted Crouse’s organization and it so happened that another woman, looking for her daughter, had also registered with ParentFinders and submitted information that matched Young’s.
The women are not trying to have the Department of Family & Community Services pay for the DNA tests should it turn out positive. It will cost them more than $287 each to have the tests done.
Liberal Leader Shawn Graham was contacted by the probable birth mother, who lives in Graham’s riding, after the department refused to pay for the DNA test. Graham sent a letter to the department on Wednesday urging them to pay should the tests show the two women are related.
“The department has a duty to pay if the testing validates the claim”, said Graham.
Young is ecstatic about settling the issue once and for all, but the truth will demand still more bureaucratic hurdles.
“Once we find out with the DNA testing and stuff, the government of New Brunswick will have to reissue a new birth certificate for me with the proper date on it and that is going to be a pain.” she said.
“I will have to switch my driver’s license and everything else.”
Reunion fills in life’s blanks for siblings separated at birth.
From the Courrier Times, Nov 2002
By Sandy Moore, Staff Reporter
Dottie Boulanger connected with Parent Finders New Brunswick to find her brother Stuart Campbell.
Their sense of humor and demeanor are remarkably similar. they were both born in St. Joseph, NB and reared approximately 20 miles apart. According to Dottie Boulanger and Stuart Campbell, they feel like they have always known each other. But the fact remains that they didn’t meet until this week at Boulanger’s Jamestown Apartment in Newcastle, 1,300 miles from where the story of their relationship began.
The connection between the two – which began over 60 years ago – is more than coincidental and more than just circumstance. Boulanger and Campbell are family – they share the same mother.
Until recently, Boulanger didn’t know she even had a brother. She assumed that the two sisters with whom she had shared her childhood were the sum total of her family.
She was reared in Canada by her parents in their family home. She moved to New Castle, IN in 1978 from Montreal with her husband, Frank, who worked for Modernfold Industries. She currently serves as manager of Jamestown Apartments. Her mother died in 1974 and her father died in 1970 in Canada. Another sister also died and she believed her only sibling was Ruth Stanley of Saskatchewan.
Campbell’s childhood was remarkable different than his sisters. He was given up for adoption and spent the first 2 1/2 years of his childhood at the St. John’s Orphanage in St. Joseph, NB.
As a child, Campbell grew up believing that his adoptive parents were his biological parents. He was informed at the age of six by several taunting schoolmates that he was adopted.
According to Campbell, the realization that he was adopted was a chock and he always wondered who he really was.
When I found out, even as a kid, I wanted to find out the real thing – who was Stuart Campbell anyway? says Stuart.
He didn’t even know his real name. A large scar on his forearm raised questions in his mind about childhood experiences.
As the years progressed, the desire to find out his true identity haunted him, and he began a search of find his former identity. The opportunity to search orphanage records was slim in the 1980’s when Campbell began his quest. He asked a lady who worked for a search agency to help him with his search.
Every avenue the investigator went down, came up a dead end. Campbell was unable to even find his mother’s name. But the records of the search were kept intact and his hope to find his identity never died.
Meanwhile, back in New Castle, Boulanger was told by her sister that they had a brother. Their mother – an unwed mother at the time – had given a baby boy up for adoption in St. Joseph, NB, before the sisters were born.
Her curiosity peaked and she decided to begin a search for her long lost sibling. Boulanger’s niece logged on to the Internet and connected with Parent Finders, a search agency in New Brunswick, staffed by Marie Crouse.
Boulanger telephoned Crouse and talked for nearly an hour. Immediately the search began in earnest. It seemed Crouse was an acquaintance of Campbell’s former search agent. The connection was make quickly and within days the link between blood relatives was made.
Boulanger called Campbell and an old connection became a new relationship almost immediately. The sisters and their long lost brother began a series of telephone conversations (three or four times each week) and a visit to New Castle was orchestrated by Campbell.
I am so excited, laughed Boulanger, who had become hoarse from non-stop talking. We have so much in common – the things we like and dislike. Stuart looks more like my older sister than he does me. I feel like I have always known him. We have been enjoying the party-hardy until tomorrow (Tuesday) when he leaves for Florida.
Although Campbell spends the winter months in Florida, he had never been in Indiana until this week.
Our relationship has been picked up as if it had always existed. We’re just two crazy Canadian. When I found out my real name, I even found out that I knew my cousin in New Brunswick too, said Campbell.
Following a reception at the Jamestown Clubhouse, Campbell will journey to Florida equipped with the answer to his childhood queries and a truckload of wonderful memories. For Boulanger and Campbell, the saga has just begun.
Below is a note that was sent to ParentFinders after the reunion:
Jamestown Village Apartments
New Castle, IN
December 4, 2002
It was so nice to talk to you last night and once again I want to thank you for your help. You are a special person. I talked with Stuart today and he said you could go ahead and put it in the paper. They will have to correct “Saint John”. He said that is fine with him.
Have a great Christmas and New Year! Keep up the good work.
April 19, 2000 The Bugle
By: Tracy Carr
Mt. Pleasant – An organization geared towards helping people locate the son or daughter they gave up for adoption, or the biological parent they never knew has relocated to Carleton County.
Parent Finders New Brunswick head office moved to Mt. Pleasant, a community nestled between Hartland and Florenceville, from Rothesay in may 1999.
Marie Crouse, the organizations’ new director, said people can register with the organization by contacting her office. She will send them a registration form, on which they fill in information they know about the person for whom they are looking. The form also requires the signature from the registrant, which gives Parent Finders volunteers permission to search on their behalf. Crouse asks applicants to contact the province’s Post Adoption Services branch to get all non-identifying information possible on the person for whom they are searching. There is a voluntary registration fee of $25, which helps the organization cover the costs of photocopies and phone calls.
The organization now has about 2,000 people registered in it’s database; 1,500 of those are adoptees looking for their birth parents. Crouse said the vast majority of people who have registered are women.
“Women definitely seem more curious,” she said. “We have very few men who register, and those who do are married or engaged, and it’s the women who want to find out.”
Once a person is registered with Parent Finders N. B., his or her information is also listed with the national organization. If a person with matching information is also registered, a potential match is made. If no match is listed, volunteer searchers try to track down the person using the information on the registration form.
“We rely on public records, such as genealogical charts and birth records,” she said. “A lot of it is word-of-mouth. In small rural areas like this, you can find out a lot by asking around discreetly.”
People who have registered with Parent Finders should call and update their information on a regular basis, or when they change addresses or get married. This, she said, allows her to be able to contact people when she finds their match.
“I have about seven people registered right now, whose matches I’ve found, but I can’t reach because of old information”, she said.
the adoptees doing the search, the one being sought must be at least 19 years old. If a birth mother registers to find an adoptee who is younger than 19, Parent Finders will accept the information, but won’t begin an active search until after the child’s 19th birthday.
The organization has made exceptions to this rune in certain cases. Crouse recalled one situation when a woman trying to find her 13 year old biological grand daughter. The woman’s only child – the girl’s firth father – had died in an accident and her husband wanted to heave his entire estate to the girl.
“We did make an exception in that case,” said Crouse. “But we only called the adoptive parents and told them to get a lawyer to contact the woman. There was no contact between the woman and the girl.”
Crouse has a unique perspective on the topic of adoption. Five years ago, she met the daughter she gave up for adoption when she was 15. She said there are often a lot of questions an adoptee has bout her family history, or a birth mother has about her child’s well being.
THE BEST THING
“That curiosity is entirely normal” said Crouse. “Being a parent of an illegitimate child was shameful in the 1050’s and 60’s. Mothers were told to leave their children at the hospital and forget them. We were told we were doing the best thing for our children and we want to make sure it’s true.”
“With adoptees, often they wonder – who do I look like, where did I get my brown eyes? My birth daughter contacted me because she wanted to know her medical history.
She said finding matches can be a slow process and the organization may go for months with no break through and find several matches in one week.
It’s either a feast or a famine. She said “I broke my ankle in February, and I’ve had lots of time where I’ve had to stay off me feet, so I spent a lot of time working in files. Once they were in the databases, I found 12 matches right away”.
Sometimes birth mothers who find their children choose not to contact them. They just want to know the children are still alive and things worked out for the..People who do not decide to meet their birth mother or children should realize the experience won’t be entirely joyful. It’s not like when you see reunions on television. Whenever a birth mother registers, I tell her to be prepared to answer some pretty big questions. The biggest is “Why? Why did you give me up?”
She also said birth mothers should not think they’ll be able to make for the years that have passed, and be able to take over the role of a parent. That is unrealistic. No birth mother is going to have a normal parental relationship with the child she gave up for adoption.
Because Marie also has a son and a daughter, both of whom are adopted, she understand the adoptive parents perspective. There is a fear that the adoptee will prefer to be with their birth mother, but that’s not the case. When I found my birth daughter, I told her parents I wasn’t trying to take her away. That wasn’t my role. A birth mother isn’t the adopte’s “real mom”. The “real mom” is the one who has been there.
Adoptees and birth parents who would like to register with PFNB or to update their file can do so by contacting by phone 506-375-6660, or by written request to Parent Finders NB, 935 Landsowne Road, Mt. Pleasant, NB E7L 4K7. Requests can also be sent via email to email@example.com.
May 2000 – The Telegraph Journal
HOPE FUELS HUNT FOR BIRTH MOTHER\By Gina Miller
Joan Marie Hill is looking for a miracle – she wants to find her mother. For more than 10 years Joan Marie has been trying to find the woman who gave her life.
Born in 1957 in the Saint John Evangeline Home for Unwed Mothers, Joan Marie (her birth name) has never seen the face that mirrors hers. She has no idea where the color of her eyes or the shade of her hair comes from. She doesn’t know her family’s medical history and her son doesn’t know who his biological grandparents are. Joan Marie is looking for a woman whom she knows loves although she has never met her.
It’s Mother’s Day tomorrow and Joan Marie has decided to tell her story in the hope that her mother – or someone who might know her – will come forward and give her a clue about her identity.
She’s learned a few facts about her birth: Her mother signed into the Evangeline Home under the name of Beatrice Hill, although authorities in Fredericton have told Joan Marie they believe this was an assume name.
Beatrice Hill was apparently from St. Stephen. She was 19 years old when she gave birth to Joan Marie on July 28th, 1957. Her file indicates she had her appendix out in 1950 and her blood type was O-positive.
Beatrice names her baby girl Joan Marie, and on August 20th, a month after she had given birth, she walked away from the Evangeline home and was heard from no more.
“I’ve always loved my (birth) mother,” says Joan Marie. “It’s an unconditional love. She carried me for nine months and loved me. She delivered me as a healthy baby. I don’t believe that people give babies up out of fear or rejection. I don’t care what her circumstances were – she had to have a good reason to give me up.”
Like many people Joan Marie contacted the NB Chapter of Parent Finders. At the time Parent Finders was run by Irene Praeg, a much beloved woman who had arranged reunions of hundreds of families over the years. Mrs.. Praeg died last year but her files still have 1700 children looking for their birth mothers and about 650 mothers looking for their babies they gave up to adoption years ago.
Today, Marie Crouse is the head of the NB Chapter of Parent Finders. She says that since she has taken over Mrs.. Praeg’s files, she had had some difficulty reaching some people whose file material may now be out of date. Since last August, Mrs.. Crouse has had an additional 150 people contact her, looking for members of their family.
Joan Marie went to Mrs.. Praeg in 1989. Mrs.. Praeg did what she could. She told her to call Post Adoption services in Fredericton to get as much non-identifying information about her mother as possible. She dictated letters to Joan Marie to send to newspapers to advertise for her lost family.
All to no avail: Joan Marie has tried to contact all the Hill in the St. Stephen area, but she had no leads.
But she still has hope. Stories about successful reunions inspire Joan Marie to keep going.
Carol Martin-Brewer is just such an example.
In 1980, Carol was a 21 year old single mother, who had just given birth to her second child, a baby girl. Scrambling to raise one child on her own, Carol did the only thing she could to ensure that her child was taken care of properly, she gave her up for adoption.
By the time her daughter was 3 years old, Carol began to search for her. For years she avoided the little girl’s section of department stores so that she wouldn’t cry when reminded of her absent daughter. During the month of her birth Carol would grow depressed.
Mrs. Praeg of Parent Finders found Carol’s child by the time the girl was 10 years old. Carol had to wait another 9 years before she could legally learn where her daughter was and make contact.
Last weekend, her daughter delivered her own first child, a baby girl. “I called her a week after her 19th birthday,” says carol. “I knew that she knew that she was adopted. I knew that she was considering calling Parent Finders herself. She was happy with her upbringing but she also wanted to know about me. When I called, she was out. Her parents answered and they said they were extremely glad I had called because they wanted me to enjoy her as much as they did.”
“When we finally talked, I remember that she asked – how soon can I meet you? I was booked. I was telling her about the nightly appointments I had and when I got to night five she said “Do I really have to wait that long?” – and it all washed over me. I said – God, no. I’ll be there tomorrow night”.
It’s been 10 years since Carol found her daughter, but even today she tears up when she tells her story. “When I first saw her, I remember saying – You’re supposed to be a baby. And here she is, this 19 year old gorgeous creature. The whole evening I couldn’t take my eyes off her. You can’t get enough of them because you’ve missed 19 years.”
The first thing her daughter asked of her tore Carol’s heart. Her daughter had discovered from her adoption papers that her birth mother liked to sew. She asked me if I would like to make her prom dress (for high school. I said – you don’t have to ask me twice. I had been making prom dresses for years, and all that time I thought – I should be making this dress for my daughter – and then I DID!
The dress was beautiful. It was white taffeta with black ribbon all around the hem. It fit her like a glove.
Carol’s story has the best possible ending. Reunited with her daughter they are lovingly involved in one another’s lives. Her daughter came to Carol’s wedding two years ago. Her daughter was a hit and also attended her oldest son’s wedding and Carol drove up to her daughter’s side to visit the day after she gave birth to her own child.
Her being pregnant was really emotional for me – it reminded me of my own pregnancy. It took me back in time.
Her adoptive parents have been like an extended family to me. If I had to choose a set of parents for her I couldn’t have done as well. I believe that HE (she gestures heavenward) had a plan for this right from the beginning.
I’ve had moments when I regretted giving her up, but on the whole seeing the life they gave her, I don’t regret it. I don’t think for a minute I made the wrong decision. They loved her to death.
Carol’s daughter has asked that her name be kept private and Carol has respected her wish, though clearly not for lack of pride in who her daughter is.
Until I found her my life was incomplete – Carol says.
Joan Marie Hill doesn’t know if she will ever find the woman who is her mother. Although she loves and respects her own adoptive family, she also feels incomplete, but she isn’t ready to give up the hope that someday, someone will call Parent Finders with some information about her blood relations.
With Mother’s Day coming, I wonder if she’s okay, I wonder if she’s had a hard time, I wonder what she looks like. Does she have my blue eyes? my hair? I think, maybe this will be my rainbow. Ever since I saw my first rainbow when I was about four, I want to see more of them.
“I do believe in miracles. Maybe this story will bring me my rainbow. I’m not giving up – says Joan Marie. I’m not giving up till they put me in the ground because there is a lady out there who has a daughter and she has a beautiful grandson.”
Getchell & Getchell Inc.
KNOXFORD PRAYING BAND BULLETIN
March 19, 1963
We are pleased to announce the addition of a new partner, Carolynne Dorothy who took charge of our firm today. Born March 3, 1963 and weighing 7 pounds and 11 ounces.
Carolynne has already added to the firm’s happiness and prosperity and we are sure it will continue to in increase in the coming year.
You are cordially invited to stop in at our office anytime and meet our new partner. Our hours of business are greatly expanded for your convenience. However, rush hours are usually 6 am, 10 am, 2 pm, 6 pm and 10 pm.
Erma & Ronald Getchell
Carolynne Dorothy is the birth daughter of Marie Crouse, President of Parent Finders NB